The second empirical study I am going to look at is one conducted by Tavassolie, Dudding, Madigan, Thorvardarson, and Winsler titled Difference in Perceived Parenting Style Between Mothers and Fathers: Implications for Child Outcomes and Marital Conflict. (2016)
This study looks at the different approaches parents use in parenting and what the effects are on their marriage and most importantly on the child. Tavassolie et al., (2016) are looking at the idea that often when parenting styles are different that can cause for tension between the parents which in turn affects the child and their behaviour.
The researchers combined the three samples conducted by Winsler, Thorvardarson, and Madigan. Winsler’s participants consisted of 27 couples, Thorvardarson had 36 fathers and 39 mothers, and Madigan used 89 mothers. For Winsler’s study participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire sent home from the child’s school, for Thorvardarson participants were asked to go to a university campus where parents were separated to fill out a questionnaire and children participated in the rest of the study and finally in Madigan’s participants were sent a package of questionnaires, parents were expected to fill them out separately and would be answering similar questions. (Tavassolie, Dudding, Madigan, Thorvardarson, and Winsler, 2016, 2058)
The parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire was used and asked parents to rate their own parenting style and their spouses. The preschool and kindergarten behaviour scales were used in Winsler and Madigan’s studies, while the the child behaviour checklist was used in Thorvardarson. Finally the conflicts and problem-solving scale was used to ask about marital conflicts.
The results of Tavassolie et al., (2016) study showed that parenting style, marital conflict, and child behaviour are in fact related and that specifically authoritarian and permissive parenting in both mother and father was associated with child behaviour problems. When the parents weren’t practicing the same parenting style then there was more likely marital conflicts and issues with the child’s behaviour.
In saying all that and reading the article one can say that here is another example of the problems associated with the authoritarian parenting style. Although there can be problems associated with all three types, this style seems to be one the causes for bigger problems that last longer. Child behaviour problems can continue on and lead to adolescent behaviour problems. Also marital conflict can be quite hard on a child which is probably one of the causes of their behaviour. Parents should look at what style they are practicing and whether their significant other uses the same because that really does have implications for the child.
Tavassolie, T., Dudding, S., Madigan, A. L., Thorvardarson, E., & Winsler, A. (2016). Differences in Perceived Parenting Style Between Mothers and Fathers: Implications for Child Outcomes and Marital Conflict. Journal of Child and Family Studies J Child Fam Stud, 25(6), 2055-2068. doi:10.1007/s10826-016-0376-y